Drugs of Abuse

ASSAYDRUG(s)TRADE NAMESCOMMON NAMESROUTES OF INGESTIONDRUG CLASSEFFECTSAPPROXIMATE CLEARANCE TIMES
Ethyl AlcoholEthyl Alcohol (Ethanol)EthanolAlcohol, Beer, Liquor, Wine, Liqueurs, Etc.OralDepressantFlushed,dizzy, incoordination, slow reflexes, hangover, headache, nausea, shakiness10-18 Hours
AmphetaminesAmphetamine
Methamphetamine
Phentermine
Isoxsuprine
Mephentermine
Nylidrin
Phenmetrazine
Phenylpropanolamine
Ephedrine
Hydroxy Amphetamines
Methoxy Amphetamines
& Metabolites
& Related Compounds
Benzedrine
Dexedrine
Methedrine, Ionamin
Bennies, Uppers, Speed, MDA, TMA, PMA, Adam, EveOral, Intravenous (IV)Central Nervous System (CNS) StimulantReduced appetite, increased breathing & heart rate & blood pressure, dilated pupils, dry mouth, fever, sweating, headache, blurred vision, dizzinesss24-48 Hours (a)
BarbituratesAmobarbital
Pentobarbital
Phenobarbital
Secobarbital
Butabarbital
Allylbarbital
Talbutal
& Metabolites
& Related Compounds
Amytal
Nembutal
Luminal
Seconal
Mebutal
Lotusate
Downers, Goof-balls, Barbs, Reds, Red-birds, Red Devils, Blue Heavens, Purple Hearts, RainbowsOralSedative/hypnotics (CNS Depressants)Calmness, muscle relaxation, induced sleep, "high" feeling, slurred speech, staggering, slowed reactions, relaxation of normal emotional controls, can impair skills & judgement, dangerous to drive or perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination when under influence of barbiturates.72-96 Hours (a)
BenzodiazepinesDiasepam
Chlordiazepoxide
Clonazepam
Flurazepam
Lorazepam
Oxazepam
Demoxepam
Desalkylflurazepam
N-Desmethyldiazepam
Flunitrazepam
Nitrazepam
& Metabolites
& Related Compounds
Valium, Rival, others
Librium, Novopoxide, others
Clonopin, Rivotril, others
Dalmane, Novoflupam, others
Ativan
Serax
Hisnosedon, Narcozep, others
Mogadon, Atempol, Mogadan
OralSedative, TranquilizerCalms hyperactivity, tension & agitation, diminished emotional responses, muscle relaxation, reduced alertness, impairment of muscle coordination, perception & intellectual function, dizziness, low blood pressure, fainting, physical dependence48-96 Hours (a)
CannabinoidsTetrahydro-Cannabinol (THC)
& Metabolites,
Other Cannaiboids
Marijuana, Hashish, Hash OilGrass, Hash, Pot, WeedSmoked, OralMood-altering (Psycho-active)Euphoria (high), talk and laugh more than usual, increased pulse, red eyes, perception may be distorted (sound, colour, etc.), impairs attention, short-term momory, logical thinking and ability to drive car or perform other complex tasks.Weeks
CocaineCocaine and MetabolitesCoke, Crack, Snow, Blow, FlakeSnorting (sniffing), IV, Topical, Oral, SmokedCNS Stimulant, Local anestheticEuphoria, increased energy, mental alertness & sensory awareness, reduced need for food, rest & sleep, bizzare, erratic and violent behaviour, accelerated heartbeat, increased blood pressure, breathing & body temperature, pupil dilation, sweating.48-72 Hours (a)
MethadoneMethadone DoxylamineAmidon, DolophineOralAnalgesicEuphoria, reduction of pain, respiratory depression, cyanosis, coma, circulatory collapse48-72 Hours
MethaqualoneMethaqualone
Mecloqualone
& Metabolites
Hyptor, Optinoxan, Parest, Somnafac, Sopor, MandraxQualudes, LudesOralSedative, HypnoticSedation, fatigue, dizziness, sleep, euphoria, tingling and numbness in extremities, seisures, respiratory depression7-14 Days
OpiatesMorphine
Heroin
Codeine
Hydromorphone
Hydrocodone
Oxymorphone
Oxycodone
Levorphanol
& Metabolites
& Related Compounds
Epimorph, Morphotec, others
Diacetylmorphine
Paverol, 292, others
Dilaudid, Hymophan
Hydodan, Robidone, Dicodid
Numorphan
Oxcocet, Oxycodan, others
Levo-Dromoran, Dromoran
SmackOral, IV, Smoked, Intramuscular (IM), Sub-cutaneous (SQ), Snorted, SuppositoriesNarcotic AnalgesicSurge of pleasure (rush), reduced pain, restlessness, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness72-96 Hours (a)
Phencyclidine (PCP)PCP
& Metabolites
& Related Compounds
Angel Dust, Hog, Peace Pill, Horse Tranquilizer, Animal TranquilizerSnorted, IV, Oral, SmokedAnalgesic,
Anasthetic
Very diverse effects depending on doses and individual. Increased heart rate, respiration & blood pressure, shallow respiration, flushing, profuse sweating, numbness, incoordination, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, rolling & watering of eyes, loss of balance, dizziness, convulsions, coma, violent outburts6-8 Days
PropoxyphenePropoxyphene
& Metabolites
Darvon, Progesic, othersOralAnalgesicReduced pain perception, drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, euphoria, excitement, insomnia, itching, skin rashes, CNS and respiratory depression, convulsions7-14 Days
(a) Clearance items may vary depending on drug used, dosage, frequency and individual metabolism.